What are the Most Common Dental Issues Requiring Oral Surgery?

Oral health is an important aspect of overall health. Oral surgeons are trained professionals who provide the care necessary to treat severe dental problems. The following are common dental problems individuals may experience that may lead them to contact a South Jersey oral surgeon

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is almost as prevalent as the common cold. Also referred to as cavities, tooth decay is caused by sugars in food binding with plaque deposits on teeth, which produce acid. The acid breaks down the protective enamel and injures the tissue beneath. Tooth decay can be caused or aggravated by certain medicines and aging, which cause dry mouth. Tooth decay can also include tooth erosion, where the tooth loses structural integrity and cracks or chips. In some cases, oral surgery is required to fix tooth decay. An oral surgeon may perform the following for a decayed tooth:

  • Extraction: This is when a tooth is surgically removed. Extraction may be used if tooth decay is severe. For example, an untreated cavity may need to be extracted.
  • Implants: After the removal of a tooth, a dental implant may be placed. An implant is composed of titanium rods that are inserted into the jawbone. An implant is a close resemblance to a normal tooth.

Tooth Aches

Tooth aches can be caused by many things, including severe tooth damage or abscess. It is important to immediately get diagnosed. Rinsing with warm salt water, flossing to remove any trapped food, and taking an anti-inflammatory pain reliever may provide some immediate relief. An oral surgeon may be able offer additional assistance.

Misaligned Teeth

Sometimes, a tooth will not grow in properly and causes malocclusion. Teeth too large for the jaw, too many teeth, or teeth that are impacted can all cause this condition. A visit to an oral surgeon is needed to determine the best way forward.  Braces or surgery can usually correct or improve the condition.

Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is a deadly disease if not caught and treated early. Symptoms can include lumps, sores, or rough areas in the mouth. At times, individuals can experience difficulty chewing, moving the tongue or jaw, or changes in the bite area. It is possible to screen for oral cancer. Ask an oral surgeon if an oral cancer exam is part of their normal checkup. 

An oral surgeon will determine the best surgery after an examination. A surgeon may remove minimal parts of the affected area or perform more extensive surgery. It is important to acquire a knowledgeable oral surgeon if one has oral cancer since some surgical treatments might alter how one uses their mouth.

Wisdom Teeth

Most people develop wisdom teeth between 17 to 25 years old. In some cases, a person may develop an impacted wisdom tooth that needs to be treated by an oral surgeon. An impacted wisdom tooth may cause several dental health issues, such as:

  • Chronic pain
  • Infection or gum disease
  • Tooth decay
  • Damage to the bone and surrounding teeth

Although wisdom teeth extraction is an outpatient surgery, it is imperative to consult with an experienced oral surgeon. Any surgery can lead to complications, but a competent surgeon can guide patients throughout the entire process and protect their health.

How can I Prevent Dental Issues?

Regular at-home maintenance will prevent dental problems and should always include brushing with an anti-cavity toothpaste, as well as flossing. Getting regular examinations to evaluate oral health, including the condition of teeth, gums, and the rest of the mouth, can catch dental problems and treat them early before they become more serious.

Why Should I Speak to an Oral Surgeon?

If one is experiencing a decline in dental health, they should immediately consult with an oral surgeon. Some signs of dental issues include:

  • Difficulty swallowing, breathing, and eating
  • Persistent bleeding
  • Fever
  • Severe pain and discomfort
  • Pus
  • Excessive swelling

A person suffering from a dental complication should immediately consult with an oral surgeon before their problem worsens.

South Jersey Oral Surgeons at Lanzi Burke Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons Help Clients Address Dental Health Issues

Patients can confidently rely on the South Jersey oral surgeons at Lanzi Burke Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons to provide skilled care using all the necessary precautions to ensure surgery in a clean and safe environment. With office locations in Washington Township, Haddonfield, and Woolwich Township, New Jersey, we are dedicated to helping patients throughout South Jersey. For more information on the services offered or to schedule a dental appointment, call 856-582-4222 or contact us online.

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